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Navigating The Political Landscape: A Comprehensive Analysis Of Manipur Elections



Manipur Is A Vital State In Northeastern India, Renowned For Its Ethnic Variety And Rich Culture. Manipur’s Distinct Sociopolitical Dynamics, Which Are Influenced By Things Like Identity Politics, Insurgency Problems, And Developmental Concerns, Are Reflected In The State’s Voting Process. We Go Into The Details Of The Manipur Elections In This In-Depth Study, Examining The Major Figures, Problems, And Results That Shape The State’s Political Environment.

Historical Background:

Legislative Assembly elections were held in Manipur from 28 February to 5 March 2022 in two phases, to elect 60 members of the Manipur Legislative Assembly. The results declared on 10 March 2022. The newly constituted assembly was named 12th Manipur Legislative Assembly.


The tenure of Manipur Legislative Assembly is scheduled to end on 19 March 2022.[1] The previous assembly elections were held in March 2017. After the election, coalition of Bharatiya Janata Party, National People’s Party, Naga People’s Front and Lok Janshakti Party formed the state government, with N. Biren Singh becoming Chief Minister.[2]


The election schedule was announced by the Election Commission of India on 8 January 2022.[3] However, the election dates were postponed from 27 February to 28 February for Phase I, and 3 March to 5 March for Phase II.[4]

S.No. Poll Event Phase
1. Date for Nominations 1 February 2022 4 February 2022
2. Last Date for filing nomination 8 February 2022 11 February 2022
3. Date for Scrutiny of nomination 9 February 2022 14 February 2022
4. Last Date for Withdrawal of nomination 11 February 2022 16 February 2022
5. Date of Poll 28 February 2022 5 March 2022
6. Date of Counting 10 March 2022

The Intricate Relationship Between Indigenous Identity, Colonial Legacies, And Regional Aspirations Has Defined Manipur’s Political History. Over The Years, The State’s Election Dynamics Have Been Impacted By Periods Of Political Instability, Ethnic Strife, And Insurgency. It Is Essential To Comprehend This Historical Background In Order To Appreciate The Subtleties Of The Manipur Elections Of Today.

Dynamics Of Elections:

A Wide Range Of Variables, Like As Socioeconomic Inequality, Security Concerns, And Ethnic Connections, Influence The Manipur Electoral Process. In An Effort To Appeal To Various Voter Segments, Political Parties Frequently Base Their Strategy On These Dynamics. Logistical Difficulties Also Impact The Way Elections Are Conducted In Manipur, Especially In Isolated And Conflict-Affected Districts.

Important Rivals:

In The Manipur Elections, The Main Political Participants Include National Regional Groups Like The All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) And The Naga People’s Front (NPF), As Well As National Parties Like The Indian National Congress (INC) And The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). As Each Party Competes For The Support Of Voters Throughout The State, It Brings Its Own Set Of Beliefs, Plans, And Allies To The Political Arena.

Dynamics Of Ethnicity:

Elections In Manipur Are Frequently Influenced By Ethnic Identity, With Various Communities Expressing Their Political Goals And Interests. The State Is Home To A Number Of Ethnic Groups, Each With Unique Sociocultural Characteristics, Such As The Meiteis, Nagas, Kukis, And Pangals. To Win Over Voters, Political Parties Frequently Try To Form Coalitions Or Win Over Particular Ethnic Groups.

Concerns Associated With Insurgencies:

The Ongoing Conflict In Manipur Has A Significant Influence On Its Electoral Dynamics, Affecting Campaign Tactics, Candidate Selection, And Voter Turnout. Election-Related Security Concerns Are Common, With Reports Of Violence And Intimidation In Several Places. The Parties Are Required To Promise To Pursue Dialogue And Reconciliation While Addressing Matters Of Security And Peace In Their Manifestos.

Challenges In Development:

Manipur Is Confronted With An Array Of Developmental Obstacles, Such As Deficiencies In Infrastructure, Joblessness, And Insufficient Availability Of Healthcare And Education. Election Campaigns Frequently Center On These Topics, With Political Parties Pledging To Improve The Economy, Create Jobs, And Implement Social Welfare Programs In An Effort To Win Over Voters. However, Policymakers Continue To Face The Difficulty Of Converting These Promises Into Observable Results.

The Civil Society’s Role:

Civil Society Organizations, Such As Women’s Groups, Student Unions, And Tribal Bodies, Actively Participate In Part In Influencing Manipur’s Election Debate. They Frequently Act As Pressure Organizations, Promoting Certain Causes Or Rallying Support For Certain Politicians Or Political Parties. The Different Views And Interests Within The State Are Reflected In The Manipur Elections, Which Are Made More Complex By The Engagement Of Civil Society.

The Electoral Process:

A Wide Range Of Parties Are Involved In Manipur’s Election Process, Including Voters, Security Personnel, Political Parties, And The Election Commission Of India (ECI). The ECI Deploys Sufficient Staff And Resources To Supervise The Electoral Process In An Effort To Guarantee Free, Fair, And Peaceful Elections In Spite Of Logistical Difficulties And Security Concerns. But There Have Been Earlier Reports Of Electoral Malpractices Such Booth Capturing And Vote-Buying, Which Emphasizes The Necessity Of Ongoing Watchfulness And Openness.

Communication And The Media:

During The Manipur Elections, The Media And Other Communication Channels Play A Critical Role In Influencing Public Opinion And Voter Behavior. While Social Media Platforms Increasingly Impact Political Narratives And Mobilization Attempts, Traditional Media Outlets—Such As Newspapers, Television Channels, And Radio Stations—Provide Forums For Political Conversation. Parties Use A Range Of Communication Techniques, Such As Social Media Campaigns, Ads, And Rallies, To Effectively Connect With People And Spread Their Messages.

After-Election Situation:

Following The Manipur Elections, Political Parties Frequently Engage In Fierce Coalition Building And Government Formation Ascension. Smaller Parties And Independent Candidates Play A Critical Role In This Round Of The Election Because They Maintain The Balance Of Power In A Fractured Political Environment. Horse-Trading, Alliance Building, And Negotiations Are Commonalities In Manipur’s Post-Election Politics, Which Are Indicative Of The State’s Unstable Electoral Dynamics.


The Elections In Manipur Are A Complicated Tapestry Of Identities, Goals, And Difficulties Influenced By Ethnic Variety, Historical Legacies, And Developmental Imperatives. Alongside Chances For Peace, Progress, And Inclusive Government, Manipur Faces A Variety Of Socioeconomic And Security Concerns As It Makes Its Way Through Its Political Journey. It Is Imperative That Policymakers, Experts, And Citizens Alike Comprehend The Subtleties Of The Manipur Elections In Order To Participate In The Democratic Process And Influence The Future Course Of The State.

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